Kotlin - an alternative or an addon to Java? - DevDummy


Views | Thoughts | Concepts | Techniques

Wednesday, May 03, 2023

Kotlin - an alternative or an addon to Java?

Kotlin is a statically-typed programming language that has been gaining popularity over the years due to its advantages over Java. Developed by JetBrains, the creators of IntelliJ IDEA, Kotlin is a cross-platform language that compiles to Java Virtual Machine (JVM) bytecode and JavaScript. In this article, we will explore the benefits of Kotlin over Java and why it has become a favorite among developers.

  1. Concise and expressive syntax

Kotlin’s syntax is more concise and expressive than Java. With Kotlin, you can write less code and achieve the same functionality as Java. For example, in Java, you would need to write a lot of boilerplate code to create a simple class, whereas, in Kotlin, you can achieve the same functionality with just a few lines of code. Kotlin also has many features that reduce the verbosity of code, such as type inference, default parameter values, and the ability to omit semicolons.

  1. Null safety

Null pointer exceptions (NPEs) are one of the most common and frustrating errors in Java. Kotlin addresses this issue with its null safety feature, which helps prevent NPEs by requiring developers to explicitly handle null values. In Kotlin, null values are treated as a type of their own, so a variable cannot be assigned a null value unless it is explicitly declared as nullable.

  1. Interoperability with Java

Kotlin is interoperable with Java, which means that you can use Kotlin code in a Java project, and vice versa. This makes it easy to adopt Kotlin gradually, without having to rewrite existing code in Java. Kotlin can also make use of existing Java libraries and frameworks, which means that developers can take advantage of the extensive Java ecosystem while enjoying the benefits of Kotlin.

  1. Functional programming features

Kotlin has many functional programming features that make it easier to write concise, modular, and reusable code. For example, Kotlin supports higher-order functions, lambda expressions, and extension functions, which allow you to write code that is more expressive and concise. Kotlin also has support for functional programming concepts such as immutability, purity, and higher-order functions, which makes it easier to reason about code and reduces the likelihood of bugs.

  1. Enhanced performance

Kotlin compiles to JVM bytecode, which means that it has comparable performance to Java. However, Kotlin has some performance optimizations that make it faster than Java in certain cases. For example, Kotlin’s inline functions reduce the overhead of function calls, and its support for inline classes reduces the overhead of object creation and memory allocation.

In conclusion, Kotlin offers many benefits over Java, including concise and expressive syntax, null safety, interoperability with Java, functional programming features, and enhanced performance. These features make Kotlin an excellent choice for modern software development, and many developers have already embraced Kotlin as their preferred language. If you are a Java developer looking to improve your productivity and code quality, it is definitely worth considering Kotlin.


  1. https://kotlinlang.org
  2. https://developer.android.com/kotlin
  3. https://www.w3schools.com/KOTLIN/index.php
  4. https://spring.io/guides/tutorials/spring-boot-kotlin


No comments:

Post a Comment